Jurassic Park & The Lost World- Michael Crichton (Spoiler Free)

The book series, turned movies that fascinated a generation with dinosaurs.


Jurassic Park and the Lost World are an interesting new perspective on the consequences of science and getting involved in the competitive market of the biochemistry industry. These two tales follow the sequence of events that follows when a company called “In-Gen” succeed in their endeavour to bring the extinct race of Dinosaurs back to life, and to features these creatures in a theme park that is believed will enrapture millions. Michael Crichton takes utterly believable scientific theory to create this utterly enchanting and horrifying world. However, amongst the creating of this story and following the plot line of the movies we all know and love; he gets caught-up in what I call the “World-Building” of his novels. See in my -admittedly somewhat unsupported- opinion there are three main ways in which an author writing a novel that has rules outside of reality can express how their world of fiction functions.

The first is the ‘Sporadic Approach’. The ‘Sporadic Approach’ as the title would suggest is when the author/writer introduces the audience to the rules of this reality as the time for such knowledge approaches. This is usually done through plot devices, and expressed in short bursts of a large amount of information being introduced with long gaps in-between in which the rules of this reality remain stagnant and applied to all characters. Then as the plot finds it necessary these rules are either challenged or applied to. This is commonly seen in TV shows such as Teen Wolf, Vampire Diaries and Once Upon a Time. It is also found in books such as, Vampire Academy, Mortal Instruments and Harry Potter. It can be useful in cases which the world being introduced has a lot of differentiation from reality, in order not to overwhelm the reader and allow for some semblance of understanding to occur gradually along with a relationship with the characters.

The second approach is called the ‘Gradual Scheme’. The ‘Gradual Scheme’ is essentially like a steady flowing river of information, where instead of small clumps of world building occurring throughout the book, there is an underlying plot line introducing the inner-working of the world. This is usually revealed through the eyes of a character new to the situation, in most cases the main character. It is also useful when there are organisations or small groups with a hierarchy involved directly in the plot. For instance, say the story is about a rebellion against a higher ‘evil power’. The rebellion would have its own hierarchy of people in power and its own inner workings of operations along with people important to 1) the main character or 2) important to the overall plot line. The ‘evil power’ would probably mirror this design. The main character who we as an audience learn through, would probably view these places as alien terrain and as such would observe things that someone who was used to this environment would glaze over. These details often give us an idea of how things work. Also, other characters might take time to explain things and events to the main character which is another method to introduce the situation. This method is commonly seen in Shatter Me, Star Wars, Divergent, Twilight and Avatar: The Last Airbender. It is a useful method to employ in story wiring when there are multiple plot lines and character developments to consider whilst still making sure the world structure makes sense.

The third and final method, which is employed by Michael Crichton is called the ‘Info Dump’; and again with a revealing name we can gather what it means. The ‘Info Dump’ is when during the story, usually at the beginning, the author takes the time to build the world before falling into the main plot of the story. This usually occurs when the main characters are other wise occupied and the plot has not even begun. It condenses all the rules and structure and in some cases the history before the event into one section so that there is no need for it later and there can be more focus on the action occurring. This is usually done in a round-about way in which the main character is not particularly involved at all. In the case of both Jurassic Park and The Lost World, Crichton takes the time to offer some opening history of the goings on before anybody really goes anywhere near the dinosaurs. Int he first book, most of the beginning chapters centre around the science of bio-engineering and how it is a competitive industry for people who set out looking for ways to profit from science. It also goes into the history of bio-engineering and a introduction into the company that is In-Gen and its competitors. Whilst it is sometimes essential for this information to be out there, in this case I believe it took away from the book.

While the science explored in both book is fascinating and something I wouldn’t mind reading about in a different context, it does indeed take away from the books in terms of its ability to keep the reader’s attention. What was revealed in the ‘Info Dump’ was important to the story as a whole and if told during the action sequences would’ve slowed down the book. But I can’t shake the opinion that this information could’ve been better revealed, perhaps through plot devices such as, speech between characters, the observation of other, an argument, or causal mention even. The biology could’ve also been implemented into the plot in a bit more of a subtle way that just was given. Nonetheless, it was a good book. I really enjoyed it and was quite surprised about the underlying scientific theory and how it played into the book as a whole which i didn’t realise until the end. Once the main plot line got started everything was smoothed out and became quite enjoyable; and even though I have seen the movies numerous times i still found myself loving the novels despite how closely in the beginning they aligned with each other. They were truly unique and i only wish that Crichton had considered writing some more to add to the series, though I suppose I can be satisfied with his involvement in the movies that followed.

Thoughts on Relationships and Dating.

Had a late night thought and figured I’d share it.

I’m not really like ordinary people; yes I realise most people say that needing to feel unique and individual and all; when in reality we’re all just a flock of sheep; bit all the same flock mind you but the metaphor is still true. But in this case I was really a part of the minority. See way back when I was in high school I had something about me that was different from everyone else; I didn’t spend half my time worrying about the concept of dating, having a boyfriend/girlfriend etc. I was more than content to sit back and enjoy my HS experience without all that relationship drama. Even up until the point where I got my first boyfriend, which I now point out wasn’t really idea.

I was peer pressured into it so to speak; by two of my friends. Why they did that I can only theorise; and the only explanation that I can come up with is that, my friends who were a group of people constantly changing relationship combinations were people who subconsciously sought these relationships as a way to feel good about themselves, to have self-esteem and confidence boosts; and me as someone who was comfortable in their own skin without any help was a huge contrast to this making them feel (again I stress the word subconsciously) self-conscious about their way of life, so they tried to bring me into the fold to survive essentially. See, there was this guy who was really sweet and incredibly shy and because of this two of my friends thought we were perfect for each other, when in reality I don’t think either of us liked each other in that way; but with some huge amount of meddling on my friends part he asked me out and incredibly uncomfortable but absolutely terrified of hitting the poor kid (who seemed as fragile as spun glass to me) I said yes. Oh boy.

Anyway it was incredibly awkward, especially when he tried to kiss me; it was in the quadrangle and it was absolutely busy with other people when he started to lean in; feeling like people were staring and gawking at me I freaked out and ducked my head (later I found out that a group of my friends were in fact staring raptly). To this day I’m still made fun of for it. But do I regret it? No. I wasn’t ready, nor was I comfortable so it was the right decision. Anyway we later mutually broke up, and instead of feeling sad about loosing my first BF I felt hugely relieved (so much so that I later licked a guys face; another story for another time). From then on I left dating to the people who liked having a relationship.

Until yet again peer pressure struck, and I ended up being convinced somehow that a man I had been friends with for 8 years and saw as an annoying brother at times; was someone I had a crush on and had to ask out, the convincing was done by the same people might I add, and like the first time this one went just as well. I had five seconds of “he actually said yes?!?” Which then came crashing down to “I don’t actually like this guy, %^*+” naturally we broke up and the bloke took it fairly well. Nice man.

But I find myself thinking about relationship number 2 now and… instead of thinking about those dates; sighing dramatically and thinking “that’d be amazing doing all that with someone I love” I just shrug, cringe a little and move on with my thoughts. Even now I think about my future if I didn’t force myself to waste my time with some guy in order to fulfil society’s expectations until “Mr. Right” comes around; I see being in a apartment by myself, surrounded by all my favourite colours, kinds of furniture, my books, having the music up on any song I like while I walk around with no Bra, a loose top and my underwear… I’m not worried, I actually look forward to it. Am I just one of those women who are okay being by themselves, because if so.. okay! To hell with societies expectations!!

People, from one lone wolf to another; if you don’t want a boyfriend/girlfriend etc. that’s fine! Live by yourselves, love yourself without the validation with others, howl at the moon!

Be whoever you want to be! And if that involves being with someone else, then okay! But no matter who you are don’t force your way of life on others, as someone who was on that end of the shit stick; it’s really not that fun.

As for me, if I ever god forbid get lonely and I want someone to love and spoil and who I want to love me unconditionally and go for long walks on the beach; I’ll get a dog.

Til next time,


Stranger Things: Review. (Spoilers Ahead)

What an incredible TV show!

I went into this show with admittedly some hesitation; as I am a gigantic chicken when it comes to all things Horror and Thriller. Sill I continued forwards, motivated entirely by the sheer amount of popularity this show had received, it had to all be for something didn’t it? So I strived forward, only to be extraordinarily surprised. It was a brilliant show filled with so much drama, unpredictability, hope and a serious amount of confusion and mystery.

In a way that is similar to a show like Neighbours, Teen Wolf and Katie Mcgarry books, the Story follows three to four different groups of people all, (except one) working towards a single truth that has been hidden from the world for a long time now. It all starts with four boys, who are essentially outsiders who have formed a formidable friendship are playing Dungeons and Dragons in one of the boys basement. The boys, Will, Mike, Dustin and Lucas are in the middle of a campaign when a creature (in this case a tiny little figurine) called the Demigorgon stomps onto the board, and their game has to come to a close. That night when the boys separate and go to their own homes, Will finds himself stalked by a mysterious creature that trails hi to his house and snatches him. Vanishing without a trace.

From there on the story splits into many perspectives; one of Will’s mother as she try desperately to find Will, in sometimes unusual ways. The second perspective is of the three remaining boys trying to figure out how they’re going to try and find Will without their parents knowing their out and about. During their first night trying to find Will they stumble across a mysterious girl with a shaved head who’s name is Eleven. Eleven or Elle for short seems to have a serious mental mojo going on; she has Telekinetic and Telepathic abilities that are beyond comprehensible. Together the four kids grow closer as friends they also get closer to uncovering the mystery behind Will’s disappearance and Eleven’s abilities and how they’re all connected. The third and fourth perspective follows two of the siblings of the four boys. Nancy who is Mike’s older sister and Jonathan who is Will’s older brother. These two perspectives merge together when Nancy’s friend Barbara goes missing in the same way that Will did and Jonathan manages to get a picture of the creature that did it.

From there Will’s mum Joyce teams up with Sheriff Jim Hopper who discover in their own way secrets of their own, Joyce finds a way to communicate with Will where he is and a way to be able to tell when the monster who took him is close.  Jim Hopper discovers those who are behind all these supernatural occurrences. Together all three stories come together like puzzle pieces to reveal the whole picture; revealing everything, from the location of Will, to how it came to be, the creature that took will to the people who created Elle and summoned the creature. The season ends in a dramatic series of action packed events that leave the audience begin for more. Personally, I’m not entirely happy with the ending myself; don’t get me wrong I’m very satisfied with Will’s return and Hopper getting together with Joyce. I’m a little unsatisfied with Nancy ending back together with Steve (Her boyfriend in the beginning of the season) rather than Jonathan, and what makes me more upset was the fate of Elle, just after Mike admits his feelings. I mean come on!

Hopefully everything turns out better for Season 2. Which I will definitely be dying to watch this coming year, believe it! Trust me, this show is a must watch.

Til next time,




A Monster Calls: Patrick Ness (Spoilers Ahead)

This book was a surprisingly beautiful tale with so much heart..


I went into this book admittedly with a completely different idea of what it would be about, but going into it i found myself more and more intrigued with this new and creative story that had me enraptured from the very beginning curious to see how it would all tie up in the end.

The story follows the life of a young man named Connor, but his age remains unspoken. this is particularly clever because he never does anything that could hint to a particular age grouping, this disassociation means that connor’s story is one that someone of any age group can relate to and feel and empathy for. His story unlike many others doesn’t start at the beginning of all his troubles but when they seem to be coming to a climax which is rare in my experience for stories, it all begins for us when Connor sees the Yew tree in the graveyard beside his house turn into a gigantic monster who tells Connor that he is a strong force of nature and time, who only comes walking in very few points in history; and he plans to tell Connor the stories of the three times previous in which he went walking. He then demands that when he has told Connor these three tales, that Connor must reciprocate telling the monster his tale and his truth. This is where our story truly begins. It is a beautiful heartwarming and sad tale that I couldn’t put down and is a must read.


Connor’s has an extraordinary talethat expresses itself in the most ordinary of ways. He is a child with a mother who raised him on her own all the while battling cancer, his father left when he was six and now lives in America with a wife and child, and his Grandmother is someone who seems a malignant presence in his life. In his own way he is entirely fearless and yet frail, constantly seeking punishment, the reason for we don’t learn until the end. Everything about him speak of a quiet courage and strength, his life is filled with sickness and his childhood is scarce but it isn’t something he is resentful towards his mother for.

If anything in everything he does, even down to the way he interacts with the monster speaks of his love for her. When he came to the monster begging for him to use his yew tree branches to save her life, it brought me to tears. Here is a child who through his mothers illness looks into the reality of death and faces it with a strength that most adults can’t do; through this strength he is able to admit to himself his own truth, saving himself from the nightmares that threaten to destroy him. that he just wants his mother to die so that she can no longer suffer, but that he also doesn’t want her to die with every fibre of his being.

Coming to his won truth required a lot of personal growth for this character, and Ness tells it brilliantly. He uses the Monster’s tales to reflect the obstacles that are currently distracting Connor from the situation allowing him to overcome them, through living and thinking about these stories and allowing them to reflect in and defines actions. Its like watching the Hobbit and feeling a sense of accomplishment in every movie when they face an obstacle only to overcome it and bring them closer to their goal. Only in this case a part of you never wants them to reach it because you know how it will end. This is something I love about this book, its obvious from the very beginning that Connor’s mother isn’t going to make it, its shown so clearly through the actions of Connor’s family members and yet the mystery of Connor’s nightmare and Connor’s truth keeps you enraptured.

We end feeling for Connor and growing as people along with him in so many subtle ways. The stories themselves are particularly clever as they challenge modern day ideals of how stories should be structured as well as enduring ideals of right vs. wrong and good vs. bad. These tales always manage to ensnare as well as surprise, leaving me questioning my perspective on every previous argument or obstacle i’ve ever had in my life. So not only is it an emotional and beautifully written book but its the kind of book that can make someone really look at their life and find their own truth.

Sword Art Online – Aincrad: Reki Kawahara (Spoilers Ahead)

Book to Anime? That’s different…

To be honest, I wasn’t exactly sure what to expect when I first cracked this book open. Manga? The exact same as the anime? It was the anime all over again, but in a good way; there’s a lot of things that happen in the anime that isn’t in the book, but is approached in another version. It was a new experience to reading, one I’m not 100% sure about at this current time, but it would be a genre I’m willing to pursue. Here is the general gist of the book/anime. Its the year 2020 and a new  online game has been released called ‘Sword Art Online’ and it is accompanied by technology that allows the user to completely  delve into the game, having complete mental control over their virtual bodies, like they are living in the world itself.

We follow the story/ perspective of a gamer named Kirito, who is part of the first group of gamers to enter into the world of Sword Art Online as well as the group of beta testers who first tested the gaming experience. He is introduced to us as a shy, conservative, die-hard gamer who isn’t very good with people. nonetheless he makes friends with one of the gamers an helps him to get used to the platforming. It is truly a unique gaming experience for the users that is until they discover that there is no log out button. As it turns out the developer Ahkihiba Kyaba has designed the game so that it simulates real life, if you die in the game, you die in real life the user cannot log out, they cannot be forced out and disconnecting or trying to be forced out from the outside will ill them. In order to escape, they have to beat the game and shut it down from the inside. This is where the book and the anime differentiate… where the anime follows them in their first few days of their journey through the game the book straight away skips to two years later, in which gamers have conquered the first 70 odd floors and groups have formed of fighters called ‘Guilds’ who spend their lives in the game on the front lines, working their way through the levels and defeating the ‘Boss’ monsters who defend the gates the the next level. Kirito is one of those gamers, however, he is not apart of a Guild choosing to go it alone, rather than being with people he could risk loosing. The first day we follow his journey her comes across a type of rabbit that’s extremely rare and apparently tastes delicious. He captures it, but he doesn’t have the experience points to cook the meat properly so he has to enlist the help of a fellow gamer… this is where we meet his love interest Asuna.

Asuna is apart of the Knights of Blood guild, and has the nickname ‘The Flash’ because she is wicked fast with her sword and is one of the highest ranked players within the game, as well as one of the prettiest. Since it is in a game, Kawahara wrote the gender statistics to be stereotypically more male populated than female. So Asuna, with her looks and ranking as well as being in one of the most famous guilds is quite famous herself, and garners a lot of attention. Sauna, is fierce, loyal and strong, who has no problem giving Kirito hell..

From here we follow these two gamers as their virtual lives intertwine over and over again and as the slowly fall in love and venture to defeat the game, no longer for themselves but for each other, so that they can meet in the outside world and fall in love all over again. We are with these two as the battle demons, both inner and physical and get married, move to a quiet level by a lake and bring something to fulfilling to each others lives. All the while we explore more and more of the virtual world and all it involves. We are with them through every part of their lives until they finally beat the game.

This novel is… hard to really define in terms of genre; fantasy, adventure, sci-fi, romance, comedy, action. It falls under many categories and as such is a really good read for a wide range of people. It explores multiple ascots of the human condition with the backdrop of an amazing sub-plotiline that makes you want to keep reading even past the end. If i had to say one negative thing, it would be that i wished the writing style were less choppy, and maybe that the time was taken to really go into depth with the story of both the defeat of the game and the romance between Kirito and Asuna. As it is, i feel like she popped out of nowhere and all of a sudden their in love and are getting married. This rush is understandable as the author was writing for a contest and was only allotted a certain number of pages -which he went over- but it certainly wasn’t enough to explore this story with all the love it deserves. Maybe his other books that continue the series, will fill in the blanks. Nonetheless, i would recommend this book any day, or at least the anime which is an addictive watch.


Til next time,


Passenger: Alexandra Bracken (Spoilers Ahead)

While i approached this book with caution, i was surprised at how much i liked it 🙂 Read more inside.


i went into this book with admittedly a little trepidation, i’m not overly fond of books that are set in the past, being someone who strongly believes in equality in all forms; reading books set in eras where races are turned into slaves and women are treated like objects to be kept pretty makes me frustrated and angry, it sweeps me up into a mindset that is consumed by social grievances and distracted from the plot and characters. But with this novel – which i believed will be – turned series, i was surprised to say the least that i wasn’t turned into an irrationally angry human being but rather fascinated with the plot line and trying to guess the outcomes of the story that Alexandra has concocted. It was interesting, sweet and complicated in a way that is unique to my reading experiences, however it was a bit of a long read, that had a tendency to drag a little bit. Nonetheless it is a book i am satisfied to recommend.



In general, this book was really quite good, the plot line was really well-developed and thought out. The characters were really beautifully written and they evolved in their own ways that was developed steadily along the plot line. In terms of adversaries, in this case Cyrus Ironwood; he wore his black cape with pride and played the part of the dictator splendidly (by played i hope you know i mean written). An unexpected quasi-villain was Rose – Etta’s mother – her utter disregard for her daughter’s life was beyond cold and callous, she was so intent on the “good of the future” that she became cold and manipulative of her daughter, and despite all this Etta still adored her mother like any daughter would, which speaks less of her mother and more of Etta. Also, Sophie as a character was really quite interesting to explore during the course of this book. She evolved from a slightly annoying and completely haughty child to someone who was a genuine threat with her greed, selfishness and desire for power leading her to stalk Etta and Nicholas throughout time and come close to ending their lives with her actions causing dangerous consequences.

Etta and Nicholas’ journey is a compelling one which makes you want to continue reading until the end and is what is going to motivate me to buy the next instalment to the series. it all begins when Etta’s violin recital goes awry and she is kidnapped by Sophie and taken to the 1700’s from there she and Nicholas meet and develop feelings for each other and their ways that have been developed by their vastly different upbringings. Etta is taken to NY on board a ship that has been commandeered(?) by Nicholas and his crew in order to take the girls to NY on orders of Cyrus Ironwood. On their journey Nicholas and Etta develop the beginnings of a friendship that leads to Nicholas swearing to protect her should Ironwood have bad intentions. When Ironwood reveals his plan to manipulate Etta with the life of her mother being threatened in order for Etta to retrieve an object that Rose has hidden somewhere in time and space. This object is called the Astrolabe and it has the capacity to create time portals that did not previously exist. They are left a letter concealing a riddle that leads them on the path to the astrolabe. In a very treasure hunt type plot they travel through all time periods imaginable, surviving wars and ancient civilisations all the while falling more and more for each other. It really is an entertaining read that i believe will make an enjoyable series, however many books it ends up spanning.

On negative aspect i’d like to mention though it may seem little is descriptive language. Whilst the characters and plot-line are quite artistically developed, she lacks i descriptive language. A lot of the time the places and people that are encountered, including the main characters and described in ver little detail and in some aspects i myself had to fill in the gaps as much as i could in order to picture what is happening. If asked i couldn’t even begin to describe the appearances of the main characters, only their personalities, that goes for the locations and times visited as well. If theres one thing i would change about this novel it would be that. Otherwise i am quite pleased by the overall book and writing style.

Til next time!


Harry Potter and the Cursed Child: J.K. Rowling

WOW! i couldn’t put this book down!
Keep reading for the full review…

Holy hell this play is extraordinary!

J.K Rowling has done it again people!


It’s hard to even begin to express how much i loved this play, but i am going to try. For those who have never read a play before and need everything, both plot wise and character-wise explained in the text to understand what is going on, this may be a bit of a difficult read for you, but it is certainly worth it 🙂 For those whose imagination completes the scene with help and sometimes regardless of the words, then reading this play will be as good as if it were a novel. Trust me, no matter what level fan of Harry Potter you are (unless for some reason you hate the series, in which case my question is: How?) then this book/play is a must read.


The fun begins! So this play essentially follows the life of the young progeny of Draco Malfoy and Harry Potter as they embark on their Hogwarts years. Albus Severus Potter and Scorpious Malfoy become the most unlikely of friends on their first day on the Hogwarts express, on this day we are shown so much of our beloved characters and how their lives have moved on! it is truly beautiful and sentimental for a Potter fan, i may or may not have cried a little. Nonetheless, despite my tears, the story goes on and with some handy stage directions we are shown snippets of the boys through the first couple of years at Hogwarts, Albus despite his family’s affinity for a certain Red and Gold themed house gets sorted into Slytherin along with Scorpious who i’m pretty sure everyone knew that on the inside he bled green and silver. But for Albus and Scorpious this sets into motion their lives as they know it, Scorpious has to live with rumours that he is Voldemort’s child, and Albus constantly feels like he is in the shadow of his father who everyone claims to see as the ultimate hero, because of this the relationship between the two are strained. Harry struggles with everything he has to try and connect with his son, but Albus just feels invisible and unworthy. Naturally this isn’t a family drama where there’s tears and emotions and fighting thats between loved ones; but a danger that is unexpected and thrilling. But more on that later.

Let’s talk about our beloved characters! Hermione Granger nee Weasley is Minister of Magic, I’m so proud of our little bookworm! Ron Weasley obvious married Hermione Granger and now managers Weasley Wizard Wheezey’s (I think that’s how it’s spelt) with two kids Rose Weasley and Hugo Weasley; Rose is her mother all over, and we don’t get to meet Hugo unfortunately… Harry Potter is head of Department of Magical Law Enforcement and Ginny Potter is the editor for the sports section in the Daily Prophet and they have three kids, James Potter Albus Potter and Lily Potter. Draco Malfoy marries Astoria Greengrass and has a child – Scorpious Malfoy. Our characters go through a hell of a lot of character evolution. Harry evolves as a father coming to terms with who he is, and how he has – accidentally – treated his son, Draco becomes a better person who shows that he is capable of love and compassion, as well as being honest and a good person; which is a nice change for him; and something I can honestly say I’m proud of.  Despite the fact that he grew his hair out in a pony tail. But despite his atrocious hair choices he manages to bury the hatchet with the Golden Trio.

Back to the boys. They embark on a journey in order to save Cedric Digger’s life in the Tri Wizard Tournament; but as we’ve seen and been told numerous time, playing with time is a serious mess, that can create numerous problems. As we seen when they boys try and fix time, they inevitably create about four different realities that all have different combinations of craziness, most of which amazing people die and in some times Ron and Hermione aren’t even married. But they come a long way and even run into some old favourites… like Snape, Lily and James Potter (the originals) and even given some surprising revelations like the fact that Voldemort does in fact have a child, who is not Scorpious, thank the Lord. But Scorpious evolves from someone who is afraid of himself and stirring up trouble, afraid to live up to his Father’s schoolyard reputation, and who is secretly harbouring a crush for Rose Weasley to someone who is brave and proud of who he is and who he wants to be. As for Albus, he goes from bing someone who feels like he has something to prove and harbouring a feeling of invisibility and feels of inadequacy based of his father’s success in life which he perceives to have been an easily obtained stars due to Harry not being honest with his son. But then he evolves into someone who understand himself and his father more and into someone who is proud of who he is and his Slytherin alliance… Something that is such a huge step for a person his age.

this coupled with a good story, brilliant plot-twists and amazing characters makes this one hell of a play that you have to have read at least once in your life.

Til Next Time,